Latest Sugars-Related Research (2023)

CSI provides a monthly summary of new research on sugars and carbohydrates published each month, based on a PubMed search using pre-established search terms. The publications are grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality based on the hierarchy of medical evidence. A summary of the screening process is available for download

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December 2023

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in December 2023, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Dietary Intakes Maternal-child consumption of ultra-processed foods and sugar-sweetened beverages in informal settlements in Mumbai, India.   Kumar A et al. J Health Popul Nutr. 2023 Dec 13;42(1):142.  Cross-Sectional
Magnitude of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and associated factors among women aged 15-49 years old in two Sub-Saharan African countries.   Semagn BE et al. BMC Womens Health. 2023 Dec 6.  Cross-Sectional
Trends in food consumption by adults in a Brazilian northeastern state.   Ribeiro GJ et al. J Taibah Univ Med Sci. 2023 May 12.  Cross-Sectional
Soft and energy drinks consumption and associated factors in Saudi adults: a national cross-sectional study.   Aljaadi AM et al. Front Nutr. 2023 Dec 4. Cross-Sectional
Relative validity of habitual sugar and low/no-calorie sweetener consumption assessed by food frequency questionnaire, multiple 24-h dietary recalls and urinary biomarkers: an observational study within the SWEET project.   Buso ME et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2023 Dec 1:S0002-9165(23)66290-2.  Cross-Sectional
The associations between whole grain, sugar and nutrients intakes in schoolchildren: a cross-sectional study.   Koo HC, Lim GP, Kaur S, Chan KQ. BMC Nutr. 2023 Dec 8;9(1):144.  Cross-Sectional
Energy and nutrient content of school lunches provided for children attending school-based nurseries: a cross-sectional study.   Wall CJ, Pearce J. Public Health Nutr. 2023 Dec. Cross-Sectional
Associations between attitudes towards and reported intakes of sugars, low/no-calorie sweeteners, and sweet-tasting foods in a UK sample.   Tang CS et al. Appetite. 2024 Mar 1;194:107169.  Cross-Sectional
New Zealand household purchases of sugar-sweetened, artificially sweetened, and unsweetened beverages: 2015-2019.   Eyles H et al. Public Health Nutr. 2023 Dec 20;27(1):e22.  Cross-Sectional
The development of a method for the global health community to assess the proportion of food and beverage companies' sales that are derived from unhealthy foods.   Bandy L et al. Global Health. 2023 Dec 1;19(1):94.  Cross-Sectional
Obesity Diabesity and Dietary Interventions: Evaluating the Impact of Mediterranean Diet and Other Types of Diets on Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Management.   Pavlidou E et al. Nutrients. 2023 Dec 21;16(1):34.  RCT
Health and economic burden of sugar-sweetened beverages consumption in Brazil.   Perelli L et al. Cad Saude Publica. 2023 Dec 22.  Modeling Study
Charting the Chronology of Research on Added Sugars: A Scoping Review and Evidence Map.   Fleming SA et al. Nutrients. 2023 Nov 30;15(23):497.  Narrative Review
Diabetes Glucose response to sugar challenge moderates the effect of insulin resistance on reinforcing value of sugar-sweetened yogurt.   Epstein LH et al. Appetite. 2024 Feb 1;193:107160.  RCT
Perceptions of beverages with non-nutritive sweeteners among Indigenous adults living in Manitoba and implications for type 2 diabetes.   Riediger ND et al. Can J Diabetes. 2023 Dec 26:S1499-2671(23)00725-6.  Cross-Sectional
Cardiovsacular Disease Impact of ketogenic diet on cardiovascular disease.   Zaghloul MS et al. Nutr Rev. 2023 Dec 18:nuad152.  Narrative Review
Cancer Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and breast cancer in pre- and post-menopausal women.   Garduño-Alanis A et al. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2023 Dec 12.  Cross-Sectional
Sugar sweetened beverages, natural fruit juices, and cancer: what we know and what still needs to be assessed.   Eshaghian N et al. Front Nutr. 2023 Dec 21;10:1301335.  Narrative Review
Other Health Topics Impact of unhealthy food and beverage consumption on children's risk of dental caries: a systematic review.   Large JF et al. Nutr Rev. 2023 Dec 12:nuad147.  Systematic Review
Early Childhood Caries and Nutritional Status of Children: A Review.   Nadeeshani H et al. Food Nutr Bull. 2023 Dec;44(4):249-264.  Narrative Review
Associations of low-carbohydrate with mortality in chronic kidney disease.   Ren Q et al. Ren Fail. 2023 Dec;45(1):2202284.  Cross-Sectional
Association of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease with the different types of dietary carbohydrates: a cross-sectional study.   Afsharfar M et al. J Diabetes Metab Disord. 2023 Jun 14.  Cross-Sectional
The associations of cola intake with adverse birth outcomes among pregnant women after assisted reproductive technology treatment and women naturally conceived: a birth cohort study.   Shen C et al. Hum Fertil (Camb). 2023 Dec;26(6):1503-1510.  Cross-Sectional
Feeding Homemade Sugar Sweetened Beverages in Addition to Breastfeeding: Survey Results from Caregivers of Infants and Young Children in Peri-Urban Lima, Peru.   Robert RC et al. Matern Child Health J. 2023 Dec.  Cross-Sectional
Sleep Duration Is Associated with Household Food Insecurity and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake Among Women, Infants and Children Participating Children Ages 0-5.   Yepez CE et al. Am J Health Promot. 2023 Dec 28.  Cross-Sectional
Diet Quality Effects of Inclusion of Food Purchase Restrictions and Incentives in a Food Benefit Program on Diet Quality and Food Purchasing: Results From a Randomized Trial.   Harnack LJ et al. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2023 Dec 3.  RCT
Changes in dietary carbohydrate and lipid quality indices between 2008 and 2018: Analysis of the Brazilian dietary surveys.  Cardoso LG et al. Nutr Bull. 2023 Dec;48(4):546-558. Cross-Sectional
Reducing dietary intake of added sugars could affect the nutritional adequacy of vitamin A in adolescents: the Costa Rica case.   Monge-Rojas R et al. BMC Public Health. 2023 Dec 14.  Cross-Sectional
Improving the nutrient quality of foods and beverages using product specific standards for positive nutrients and ingredients will help to increase mean population intakes toward dietary guidelines.   Dötsch-Klerk M et al. Front Nutr. 2023 Dec 6;10:1292231.  Cross-Sectional
Dietary Guidelines Risk assessment of nutrients: There must be a threshold for their effects.   Löwik MR. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2024 Jan;146:105539.  Narrative Review
Food Labelling Comparing product healthiness according to the Health Star Rating and the NOVA classification system and implications for food labelling systems: An analysis of 25 486 products in Australia.  Barrett EM et al. Nutr Bull. 2023 Dec;48(4):523-534 Food Composition Analysis
Is evoking fear effective? Exploratory findings from a randomized experiment on the impacts of health warning labels on sugar-sweetened beverages.   Malik S, Ong Z. Public Health Nutr. 2023 Dec 21:1-15.  RCT
Benchmarking the nutrient composition and labelling practices of finger foods and snacks for older infants and young children across seven Southeast Asian countries.   Pries AM et al. Matern Child Nutr. 2023 Dec.  Food Composition Analysis
Menu Labeling and Calories Purchased in Restaurants in a US National Fast Food Chain.   Rummo PE et al. JAMA Netw Open. 2023 Dec 1;6(12):e2346851. Food Composition Analysis

November 2023

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in November 2023, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Dietary Intakes Eating time variation from weekdays to weekends and its association with dietary intake and BMI in different chronotypes: Findings from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2017-2018.  Teixeira GP et al.Br J Nutr. 2023 Nov 28:1-20.  Cross-Sectional
Interactions of parental feeding characteristics and adolescent emotional eating in relation to unhealthful food and sugar-sweetened beverage intake among adolescents.  Mason TB. Appetite. 2023 Nov 21. Cross-Sectional
Obesity Meal sugar-protein balance determines postprandial FGF21 response in humans.  Ramne S et al. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2023 Nov 1.  RCT
Food choices for weight loss: what dietary strategies would people use?  Giacone L, Siegrist M, Hartmann C.Br J Nutr. 2023 Nov 28:1-33.  RCT
Differential effects of nutritive and non-nutritive sweet mouth rinsing on appetite in adults with obesity.  Cogan B, Cooper JA.Appetite. 2023 Nov 23.  RCT
Study: Carbohydrate Quality Matters for Body Weight.  Harris E. JAMA. 2023 Nov 14;330(18):1723.  Editorial
Diabetes Ordered Eating and Its Effects on Various Postprandial Health Markers: A Systematic Review.  Ferguson BK, Wilson PB.J Am Nutr Assoc. 2023 Nov-Dec.  Systematic Review
Association between ultra-processed food consumption and the incidence of type 2 diabetes: the ELSA-Brasil cohort.  Canhada SL et al. Diabetol Metab Syndr. 2023 Nov 15.  Prospective Cohort
Trends in health behaviors of US adults with and without Diabetes: 2007-2018.  Shah MK. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2023 Nov 4.  Cross-Sectional
Cardiovsacular Disease Dietary carbohydrate quality index and cardio-metabolic risk factors.  Maghoul A et al. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2023 Nov 27.  Systematic Review
Association between soft drink consumption and carotid atherosclerosis in a large-scale adult population: The TCLSIH cohort study.  Meng G et al. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2023 Nov.  Prospective Cohort
Associations of sugar-sweetened beverages, artificially sweetened beverages, and natural juices with cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in individuals with inflammatory bowel disease in a prospective cohort study.  Dan L et al. Therap Adv Gastroenterol. 2023 Nov 8.  Prospective Cohort
Sugar-Rich Food Intake Is Negatively Associated with Plasma Pentraxin 3 Levels.  Zempo-Miyaki A. J Obes Metab Syndr. 2023 Nov 13.  Case Control
Cancer Is there a promoting role for artificial sweeteners in the evolution of bladder cancer? A meta-analysis of current literature.  Balint IB et al. Minerva Surg. 2023 Nov 21.  Non-Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Other Health Topics Sugar-sweetened beverages and periodontal disease: A systematic review.  Gupta V et al. Oral Dis. 2023 Nov.  Systematic Review
Associations between types and sources of dietary carbohydrates and liver fat: a UK Biobank study.  Orliacq J et al. BMC Med. 2023 Nov 16.  Prospective Cohort
Association between diet soft drink consumption and metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease: findings from the NHANES.  Wu Y et al. BMC Public Health. 2023 Nov 20.  Cross-Sectional
Family income modifies the association between frequent sugar intake and dental caries.  Lima LJS et al. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2023 Nov.  Cross-Sectional
Assessing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption in early pregnancy using a substance abuse framework.  Ker CR, Yang HC, Wang SH, Chan TF. Sci Rep. 2023 Nov 3.  Cross-Sectional
Chrononutrition behaviors, sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, sleep quality and the association with body mass index among Malaysian women.  Mohd Fahmi Teng NI et al. Chronobiol Int. 2023 Nov 2.  Cross-Sectional
Sweets and Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Patients Favor Artificial Sweeteners and Diet Foods/Drinks Over Table Sugar and Consume Less Fruits/Vegetables.  Basson AR et al. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2023 Nov 2.  Case-Control
Effect of low-and non-calorie sweeteners on the gut microbiota: A review of clinical trials and cross-sectional studies.  Gauthier E, et al. Nutrition. 2024 Jan.  Narrative Review
The Impact and Burden of Dietary Sugars on the Liver.  Huneault HE et al. Hepatol Commun. 2023 Nov 6.  Narrative Review
Letter to the Editor: Increased uric acid levels following fructose consumption: a biochemical perspective.  Shinde SA. J Clin Biochem Nutr. 2023 Nov.  Editorial
Diet Quality Assessment of Beverage Trends and Replacing Nondairy Caloric Beverages with Milk at Meals across Childhood Improves Intake of Key Nutrients at Risk of Inadequate Consumption: An NHANES Modeling Study.  Ricklefs-Johnson K, et al. Curr Dev Nutr. 2023 Oct 18;7(11).  Modeling Study
Appetite, Taste, & Eating Behaviour  Evidence that carbohydrate-to-fat ratio and taste, but not energy density or NOVA level of processing, are determinants of food liking and food reward.  Rogers PJ, et al. Appetite. 2023 Nov 18.  RCT
An Investigation of TAS2R38 Haplotypes, Dietary Intake, and Risk Factors for Chronic Disease in the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging.  Meng T, Nielsen DE. J Nutr. 2023 Nov.  Cross-Sectional
Mental Health and Cognition Macronutrient intake and alertness during night shifts - the time interval matters.  de Rijk MG et al. Front Nutr. 2023 Nov 9.  Cross-Sectional
Physical Activity Energy and Macronutrient Intakes in Young Athletes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.  Lehmann L et al. Int J Sports Med. 2023 Nov 13.  SRMA
Food Science & Reformulation Consumer acceptability of no added sugar pound cakes under blind and informed testing conditions.  Williams R et al. J Food Sci. 2023 Nov;88(11).  RCT
Modelling of perceived sweetness in biscuits based on sensory analysis as a new tool to evaluate reformulation performance in sugar reduction studies.  Erdem N et al. Food Chem. 2023 Nov 1.  Cross-Sectional
Dietary Guidelines Low-fat diet Redux at WHO.  Ludwig DS et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2023 Nov.  Commentary
Food Labelling Effects of a front-of-package disclosure on accuracy in assessing children's drink ingredients: two randomised controlled experiments with US caregivers of young children.  Fleming-Milici F et al. Public Health Nutr. 2023 Nov 1.  RCT
Toddler Milk Perceptions and Responses to Front-of-Package Claims and Product Warnings: A Qualitative Study of Caregivers of Toddlers.  C Richter AP et al. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2023 Nov.  Cross-Sectional
Sugar labeling information and online marketing strategies for hand-shaken tea drinks in northern Taiwan.  Liu CH et al. Front Nutr. 2023 Nov 14.  Cross-Sectional
Hypothetical impact of the Mexican front-of-pack labeling on intake of critical nutrients and energy.  Villaverde P et al. J Health Popul Nutr. 2023 Nov 8.  Modeling Study

October 2023

Below is a full list of sugars-related scientific publications published in October 2023, grouped by topic areas and ordered from higher to lower quality evidence. 

Topic Title Citations Study Type
Dietary Intakes - Added Sugars Intake FTO genotypes (rs9939609 T>A) are associated with increased added sugar intake in healthy young adults.  Madrigal-Juarez A et al. Lifestyle Genom. 2023 Oct 25.  Quasi-Experimental Study
Pairwise approach for analysis and reporting of child's free sugars intake from a birth cohort study.  Nguyen HV et al. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2023 Oct.  Modeling Study
Trends in Sugar from Packaged Foods and Beverages Purchased by US Households Between 2002 and 2020.  Vatavuk-Serrati G et al. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2023 Oct 27.  Cross-Sectional
Associated substitution and complementation patterns of processed discretionary foods and drinks on total energy and added sugar intake.  Batis C et al. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2023 Oct.  Cross-Sectional
Micronutrient intake from three popular diet patterns in the United States: modeled replacement of foods highest in added sugar and sodium using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2018.  Basak Tukun A. Front Nutr. 2023 Oct 13.  Cross-Sectional
Dietary Intakes - Beverage Intake Potential impact of the adult-targeted LiveLighter "Sugary Drinks" campaign on adolescent consumption: Findings from a national cross-sectional school survey.  Gascoyne C et al. Health Promot J Austr. 2023 Oct.  Cross-Sectional
Development and assessment of relative validity and reliability of the Workplace Beverage Intake Questionnaire in UK office workers.  Rogerson G et al. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2023 Oct.  Cross-Sectional
Sugar-sweetened beverage intakes among adults between 1990 and 2018 in 185 countries.  Lara-Castor L et al. Nat Commun. 2023 Oct 3.  Cross-Sectional
Obesity Substitution of sugar-sweetened beverages with non-caloric alternatives and weight change: A systematic review of randomized trials and meta-analysis.  Tobiassen PA et al. Obes Rev. 2023 Oct 25.  SRMA
Discordance between gut-derived appetite hormones and energy intake in humans.  Hengist A et al. medRxiv. 2023 Oct 19.  RCT
Macronutrients effects on satiety and food intake in older and younger adults: A randomised controlled trial.  Dericioglu D et al. Appetite. 2023 Oct 1.  RCT
The Personalized Nutrition Study (POINTS): evaluation of a genetically informed weight loss approach, a Randomized Clinical Trial.  Höchsmann C et al. Nat Commun. 2023 Oct 9.  RCT
Non-nutritive sweetened beverages versus water after a 52-week weight management programme: a randomised controlled trial.  Harrold JA et al. Int J Obes (Lond). 2023 Oct 5.  RCT
Polygenic Risk Scores and the Risk of Childhood Overweight/Obesity in Association With the Consumption of Sweetened Beverages: A Population-Based Cohort Study.  Sycamnias L et al. Child Obes. 2023 Oct 18.  Prospective Cohort
Changes in Coffee Intake, Added Sugar and Long-Term Weight Gain - Results from Three Large Prospective US Cohort Studies.   Henn M et al. Am J Clin Nutr. 2023 Oct 1.  Prospective Cohort
Sugar, non-nutritive sweetener intake and obesity risk in college students.  Tapanee P et al. J Am Coll Health. 2023 Oct.  Cross-Sectional
Food and Nutrient Intake in Children and Adolescents with or without Overweight/Obesity.  Zou Y et al. Nutrients. 2023 Oct 20.  Cross-Sectional
You eye what you eat: BMI, consumption patterns, and dieting status predict temporal attentional bias to food-associated images.  Kennedy BL, Camara AM, Tran DMD. Appetite. 2023 Oct 25.  Cross-Sectional
Sleep deprivation in development of obesity, effects on appetite regulation, energy metabolism, and dietary choices.  Akhlaghi M, Kohanmoo A. Nutr Res Rev. 2023 Oct 31.  Narrative Review
Non-nutritive Sweeteners: Weight Loss or Weight Gain?  Khalil S et al. Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets. 2023 Oct.  Narrative Review
Carbohydrate-insulin model: does the conventional view of obesity reverse cause and effect?  Ludwig DS. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2023 Oct.  Narrative Review
The fructose survival hypothesis as a mechanism for unifying the various obesity hypotheses.  Johnson RJ et al. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2023 Oct 17.  Narrative Review
Treat time matters: Untimely sugar consumption implicated in long-term energy imbalance.  Eckel-Mahan K. Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2023 Nov.  Editorial
Diabetes The effects of Mediterranean diets with low or high glycemic index on plasma glucose and insulin profiles are different in adult men and women: Data from MEDGI-Carb randomized clinical trial.  Vitale M et al. Clin Nutr. 2023 Oct.  RCT
Effects of reducing free sugars on 24-hour glucose profiles and glycemic variability in subjects without diabetes.  Pappe CL et al. Front Nutr. 2023 Oct 2.  RCT
Cardiovsacular Disease Sugar-sweetened beverages consumption increases the risk of metabolic syndrome and its components in adults: Consistent and robust evidence from an umbrella review.  Tran QD et al. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2023 Oct.  Umbrella Review
Cancer Biological role of fructose in the male reproductive system: Potential implications for prostate cancer.  Echeverría CE, et al. Prostate. 2023 Oct 27.  Narrative Review
Other Health Topics A starch- and sucrose-reduced diet may lead to improvement of intestinal and extraintestinal symptoms in more conditions than irritable bowel syndrome and congenital sucrase-isomaltase deficiency.  Roth B, Ohlsson B. Nutrition. 2023 Oct 8.  RCT
Association of unsweetened and sweetened tea consumption with the risk of new-onset chronic kidney disease: Findings from UK Biobank and Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study.  Liu M et al. J Glob Health. 2023 Oct 20;13:04094.  Prospective Cohort
Use of sugar in coffee and tea and long-term risk of mortality in older adult Danish men: 32 years of follow-up from a prospective cohort study.  Treskes RW et al. PLoS One. 2023 Oct 18.  Prospective Cohort
Glycemic index, glycemic load, dietary inflammatory index, and risk of infertility in women.  Aghaei B et al. Food Sci Nutr eCollection 2023 Oct.  Case-Control
Appetite, Taste, & Eating Behaviour  Suppression of sweet taste-related responses by plant-derived bioactive compounds and eating. Part I: A systematic review in humans.  Rayo-Morales R et al. Heliyon. 2023 Sep 30.  SRMA
Social, clinical, and policy implications of ultra-processed food addiction.  Gearhardt AN et al. BMJ. 2023 Oct 9.  Narrative Review
Sweetness preference and its impact on energy intake and body weight - a review of evidence.  Prinz P. Front Nutr. 2023 Oct 18.  Narrative Review
Mental Health and Cognition Is the Consumption of Added Sugar from Common Beverages Associated with the Presence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms in Thai Medical Students?  Yingchankul N et al. Nutrients. 2023 Oct 17.  Cross-Sectional
Association of ultraprocessed foods consumption and cognitive function among children aged 4-7 years: a cross-sectional data analysis.  Liu S et al. Front Nutr. 2023 Oct 10.  Cross-Sectional
Physical Activity Carbohydrates: friend or foe to post-exercise hunger?  Irving A et al. J Physiol. 2023 Oct 27. Narrative Review
What if gastrointestinal complications in endurance athletes were gut injuries in response to a high consumption of ultra-processed foods? Please take care of your bugs if you want to improve endurance performance: a narrative review.  Álvarez-Herms J et al. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2023 Oct 15.  Narrative Review
Food Science & Reformulation Reduction of sugar, salt and fat content in foods over the period 2016-2021 in Spain: the National Food Reformulation Plan.  Yusta-Boyo MJ et al. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2023 Oct 24.  Cross-Sectional
Food Labelling Effects of front-of-package caffeine and sweetener disclaimers in Mexico: cross-sectional results from the 2020 International Food Policy Study.  Arellano-Gómez LP et al. Public Health Nutr. 2023 Oct 2.  Cross-Sectional
The traffic light labeling could induce consumers to increase intake of artificial sweeteners and potentially enhance their cardiovascular risk: the case of Ecuador.  Fornasini M et al. Public Health. 2023 Oct.  Cross-Sectional